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Giovanni Battista Pergolesi ( 1710-1736) was an Italian composer, violinist, and organist of the Baroque period (1600-1750). His work profoundly influenced the Neapolitan school, and served as the quintessential prototype of Italian opera. Although he never left the Italian peninsula, his fame as a composer of Italian operas soon spread. In 1746 his most famous work, La Serva Padrona (1733), premiered in Paris without much impact. He also composed many works of secular music and sacred music in which his best known work is undoubtedly the Stabat Mater . With health problems from a young age (believed to have suffered from spina bifida), Pergolesi died at the age of 26, apparently of tuberculosis.

The flute is a type of musical instrument, which due to the simplicity of its construction may be one of the oldest instruments. The body of the instrument has holes that, by opening or closing them, changes the length of the vibrating air inside the tube. The holes are sometimes covered directly with the fingertips; in others, with keys. Despite the fact that it can be made of wood or metal, the flute is classified within the woodwind family, since in these, the sound is produced by means of the vibration of one or several reeds or sections of the instrument; while in brass instruments, trumpet type, it is the lips that vibrate to produce sounds.

The Dortmund Chamber Orchestra Amadeus , under the baton of soloist Felix Reimann , performs the first movement of Pergolesi 's Flute Concerto in G major


Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) was a virtuoso Polish pianist and composer; as a pianist, he is considered one of the most important in history and as a composer, one of the benchmarks of Romanticism . He was born into a vocationally musical family; his mother played the piano and his father the violin and flute; His first teacher was a sister of his with whom he liked to play pieces with four hands. At the age of eight he gave his first public concert in the palace of the Radziwill family in Warsaw . Chopin 's work focuses exclusively on the piano, solo or concertante, with which he embarked on a solo career of technical perfection, expressive splendor and deepening in the rubato until he became the musical benchmark for that instrument.

The Minute Waltz, Op. 64, No. 1 is a piano piece in D flat M composed by Frédéric Chopin . Many believe it was given this name because it is only supposed to take a minute to play (although in reality it usually takes about a minute and forty seconds); but as Herbert Weinstock , music historian, already clarified, the " Minute Waltz" had that name, not because minute was "minute", but because it meant "little".

Valentina Lisitsa (1973) is a Ukrainian pianist who has lived in the USA since 1991. She began studying piano at the age of three, later enrolling at the Kiev Conservatory where she met her husband Alexei Kuznetsoff , also a pianist. Lisitsa has sought out her audience through her own You Tube channel for which she has recorded many performances, currently being the most watched classical soloist on the internet.

Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) was a virtuoso Polish pianist and composer; as a pianist, he is considered one of the most important in history and as a composer, one of the benchmarks of Romanticism . He was born into a vocationally musical family; his mother played the piano and his father the violin and flute; His first teacher was a sister of his with whom he liked to play pieces with four hands. At the age of eight he gave his first public concert in the palace of the Radziwill family in Warsaw . Chopin 's work focuses exclusively on the piano, solo or concertante, with which he embarked on a solo career of technical perfection, expressive splendor and deepening in the rubato until he became the musical benchmark for that instrument.

The Minute Waltz, Op. 64, No. 1 is a piano piece in D flat M composed by Frédéric Chopin . Many believe it was given this name because it is only supposed to take a minute to play (although in reality it usually takes about a minute and forty seconds); but as Herbert Weinstock , music historian, already clarified, the " Minute Waltz" had that name, not because minute was "minute", but because it meant "little".

Valentina Lisitsa (1973) is a Ukrainian pianist who has lived in the USA since 1991. She began studying piano at the age of three, later enrolling at the Kiev Conservatory where she met her husband Alexei Kuznetsoff , also a pianist. Lisitsa has sought out her audience through her own You Tube channel for which she has recorded many performances, currently being the most watched classical soloist on the internet.


Francisco Repilado Muñoz (1907-2003), artistically known by the pseudonym Compay Segundo , was a Cuban musician and composer with a wide worldwide career. He became a popular composer and performer, well known among lovers of Cuban music. He began playing the guitar, the Cuban tres, the clarinet, the bongo and also played the conga. He was the creator of the Chan-chan melody, and inventor of the harmonica, a seven-string hybrid between the Spanish guitar and the Cuban tres.

Chan Chan is a son song composed by Cuban singer-songwriter Compay Segundo , dealing with two characters, Juanica and Chan Chan . Written in 1984, in the song, four towns in eastern Cuba are first mentioned, Alto Cedro, Marcané, Cueto and Mayarí , all belonging to the province of Holguín . Then the anecdote of Juanica and Chan Chan is told, a woman and a man who built a house and went to the sea to look for sand. While Juanica shook the jibe (sand sieve), the sway of her body as she did so, Chan Chan felt sorry (ashamed). Apparently, this story was a popular farm legend that Compay heard regularly as a child.

Today we offer an arrangement for a mixed voice choir performed by the magnificent Entrevoces Chamber Choir of 25529 .


Joseph Raymond Conniff (1916-2002), better known as Ray Conniff , was an American musician, bandleader, vocal and instrumental arranger, and trombonist. It was characterized by using a choir accompanying the orchestra that he formed. He stood out from the other conductors for the vocal arrangements for his choir and the musicals made for the varied rhythms of the music of other artists. As soon as a theme song became popular, it was usually picked up by Ray Conniff , who would apply his singular style to it. He recorded everything from big band jazz standards of the 1940s and 1950s, to pop classics by authors such as Simon & Garfunkel, Burt Bacharach, The Beatles and The Carpenters , among many others.

Today we offer a compilation of some of his most popular songs.

Joseph Raymond Conniff (1916-2002), better known as Ray Conniff , was an American musician, bandleader, vocal and instrumental arranger, and trombonist. It was characterized by using a choir accompanying the orchestra that he formed. He stood out from the other conductors for the vocal arrangements for his choir and the musicals made for the varied rhythms of the music of other artists. As soon as a theme song became popular, it was usually picked up by Ray Conniff , who would apply his singular style to it. He recorded everything from big band jazz standards of the 1940s and 1950s, to pop classics by authors such as Simon & Garfunkel, Burt Bacharach, The Beatles and The Carpenters , among many others.

Today we offer a compilation of some of his most popular songs.


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Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), Austrian composer whose brother Michael Haydn was also a notable composer, was one of the main pillars on which classicism (1750-1820) was based. At the age of six he began his studies on the harpsichord and violin. At the age of eight he was admitted as a chorister at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna where he continued his musical studies. After changing his voice, he had to survive by working multiple jobs, while studying composition by analyzing the works of Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach . He maintained a close friendship with Mozart and was a teacher of Beethoven . He established the main bases of the sonata form and the formal structure of the string quartet and the symphony. He died at the age of 77 in Vienna .

Symphony No. 100 in G major, Hoboken I/100 is the eighth in the series of twelve symphonies entitled the London Symphonies (Nos. 93-104), composed by Joseph Haydn ; it is popularly known as the Military Symphony , whose subtitle derives from the second movement , which features striking fanfares for trumpets and percussion effects. One critic wrote after the premiere that the second movement evoked the "hellish murmur of war rising to a climax of hideous sublimity!"

Structure of the Symphony . I (0´00´´) ADAGIO; ALLEGRO The first movement is written in sonata form with a slow introduction that gives a glimpse of the motifs that will appear later in the movement. Haydn 's use of themes and keys demonstrates an important aspect of sonata form: the second subject is defined by the new key, not just by being a new theme .-. II (8´01´´) ALLEGRETTO. The second movement "Military" is presented in ternary form with a central section in a minor mode. The instrumentation is richer than in the other movements; but most notable is the use of "Turkish" instruments (triangle, cymbals, and bass drum) that make their first appearance in the central section. It concludes with an extended coda starring a bugle call for trumpet solo, a timpani roll, which was a revolutionary technique on the instrument, and a loud roar.-. III (14´20´´) MENUETTO .-. The third Movement contrasts with Haydn 's tendency to speed up his minuets; in this one he maintains a moderate tempo, resulting in a somewhat outdated aristocratic-style minuet .-. IV (19'20'') PRESTO. The finale is written in sonata rondo form . The main theme became a popular tune in its time. In the middle of the movement there is a development-like section that contains a sudden timpani strike running through various keys. Towards the end of the movement, the Turkish instruments again color the tutti sections until the end.​

Today we present the version of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra conducted by the eminent maestro Mariss Jansons


Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist, considered one of the main representatives of musical romanticism. His mother, Gesine , was his first piano teacher; Later, she met the legendary Norwegian violinist Ole Bull , a family friend and her mother's brother-in-law. Grieg adapted many themes and songs from his country's folklore, thus helping to create a Norwegian national identity, much like Jean Sibelius did in Finland or Antonín Dvořák in Bohemia . His most important works are: the Piano Concerto in A minor , the intimate Lyrical Pieces (for piano), the Holberg Suite (for string orchestra) and, especially, Peer Gynt, incidental music that he wrote on behalf of the writer Henrik Ibsen for his eponymous drama.

Peer Gynt , op 23, is a musical composition for stage design, or incidental music, for reciters, vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra by the Romantic composer Edvard Grieg ; although the two suites that the author himself wrote have become more famous among the general public, Suite No. 1 op. 46 and no. 2 op. 55, for the play Peer Gynt by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen .

Today the Orchestra of the Karol Szymanowski Music School of Poland conducted by the teacher Marta Kluczyńska offers us suite no. 1.

Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist, considered one of the main representatives of musical romanticism. His mother, Gesine , was his first piano teacher; Later, she met the legendary Norwegian violinist Ole Bull , a family friend and her mother's brother-in-law. Grieg adapted many themes and songs from his country's folklore, thus helping to create a Norwegian national identity, much like Jean Sibelius did in Finland or Antonín Dvořák in Bohemia . His most important works are: the Piano Concerto in A minor , the intimate Lyrical Pieces (for piano), the Holberg Suite (for string orchestra) and, especially, Peer Gynt, incidental music that he wrote on behalf of the writer Henrik Ibsen for his eponymous drama.

Peer Gynt , op 23, is a musical composition for stage design, or incidental music, for reciters, vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra by the Romantic composer Edvard Grieg ; although the two suites that the author himself wrote have become more famous among the general public, Suite No. 1 op. 46 and no. 2 op. 55, for the play Peer Gynt by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen .

Today the Orchestra of the Karol Szymanowski Music School of Poland conducted by the teacher Marta Kluczyńska offers us suite no. 1.


Henryk Wieniawski (1835 - 1880) was a Polish composer and violinist, born in Lublin , at the time when Poland was ruled by Russia . The Wieniawski name became known because his family produced several notable musicians, which inevitably had a great influence on Henryk 's life. At the age of 8, in 1843, he was admitted to the Paris Conservatoire to study under Lambert-Joseph Massart , a noted violinist; after five years with him, he began his career as a soloist, performing concerts in Paris , followed by Saint Petersburg , the Baltics , and Warsaw . After the success he achieved in Saint Petersburg , he returned to Paris in 1849 to study composition under Hippolite Collet , with whom he graduated the year after he entered.

The Violin Concerto No. 2 in D minor, Op. 22, by Henryk Wieniawski , may have been started in 1856, but the first performance did not take place until November 27, 1862, when he performed it in Saint Petersburg under Anton Rubinstein . It was published in 1879, dedicated to his dear friend Pablo Sarasate . Written during the relatively stable period of Wieniawski 's residence in Saint Petersburg , the Second Violin Concerto in D minor, op.22, is generally regarded as his best work and remains one of the most popular violin concertos of the Romantic era. , memorable for its lush, soulful melodies and harmonies.

Today it is offered to us by the Korean violinist Bomsori Kim accompanied by the Poznań Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by the Polish maestro Marek Pijarowski.


Agustín Gonzalez Acilu (1929) is an Altsasuarra composer who began his first musical studies in his Navarrese town with Taberna to continue in Pamplona with Remacha and later at the Madrid Conservatory , completing his training in Paris, Venice and Rome . Throughout his career he has created a multitude of works in the most diverse forms, from small chamber groups or choirs to orchestral ensembles, which have won major awards. In addition, he has carried out important pedagogical work as a professor of harmony at the Madrid Conservatory and as a professor of Composition Techniques of the 20th century at the Pamplona Conservatory, from which the Iruñeko Taldea Group of Composers of Pamplona was born.

His Concerto No. 2 for piano and orchestra is a sample of his vocation to experiment with new compositional ways. Today the piano performance is performed by Andrea Bacchetti (1977), an Italian pianist who made his debut with I Solisti Veneti at the age of eleven and since then has performed at International Music Festivals around the world and in the most prestigious venues. .

Agustín Gonzalez Acilu (1929) is an Altsasuarra composer who began his first musical studies in his Navarrese town with Taberna to continue in Pamplona with Remacha and later at the Madrid Conservatory , completing his training in Paris, Venice and Rome . Throughout his career he has created a multitude of works in the most diverse forms, from small chamber groups or choirs to orchestral ensembles, which have won major awards. In addition, he has carried out important pedagogical work as a professor of harmony at the Madrid Conservatory and as a professor of Composition Techniques of the 20th century at the Pamplona Conservatory, from which the Iruñeko Taldea Group of Composers of Pamplona was born.

His Concerto No. 2 for piano and orchestra is a sample of his vocation to experiment with new compositional ways. Today the piano performance is performed by Andrea Bacchetti (1977), an Italian pianist who made his debut with I Solisti Veneti at the age of eleven and since then has performed at International Music Festivals around the world and in the most prestigious venues. .


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Duke Ellington (1899-1947) was an eminent jazz pianist, composer, and bandleader who became known and appreciated after his performances at the Cotton Club in Harlem with his orchestra made up of the best jazz musicians in the world. time, for which he wrote more than a thousand compositions. At present it is one of the main references of all times among l@s músic@s of jazz. Among the innumerable recognitions that he received, we will highlight the appointments of Doctor Honoris Causa by Howard and Yale Universities , the Presidential Medal of Honor , the appointment of member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters of the United States and of the Royal Academy of the Music of Stockholm .


Estela Raval (1929-2012), stage name of Palma Nicolina Ravallo , was one of the most famous Argentine singers, recognized as the female voice of Los Cinco Latinos . She began as a professional at the age of 12 accompanied by her accordionist brother Manuel Ravallo . At the beginning of the 1950s, he joined the Las Alondras trio. In 1956 he was part of the vocal quartet called Los Cuatro Flats ; the following year they decided to form the quintet Los Cinco Latinos . In 1970 he began his career as a soloist; in 1973 he obtained the Martín Fierro award for his successful performances throughout Argentina. In 1982, on the occasion of the Spain 82 World Cup, he reunited the group Los Cinco Latinos again, alternating his career with the group and as a soloist.

Estela Raval (1929-2012), stage name of Palma Nicolina Ravallo , was one of the most famous Argentine singers, recognized as the female voice of Los Cinco Latinos . She began as a professional at the age of 12 accompanied by her accordionist brother Manuel Ravallo . At the beginning of the 1950s, he joined the Las Alondras trio. In 1956 he was part of the vocal quartet called Los Cuatro Flats ; the following year they decided to form the quintet Los Cinco Latinos . In 1970 he began his career as a soloist; in 1973 he obtained the Martín Fierro award for his successful performances throughout Argentina. In 1982, on the occasion of the Spain 82 World Cup, he reunited the group Los Cinco Latinos again, alternating his career with the group and as a soloist.


The Chainsmokers are a New York -based disc jockey and producer duo consisting of Andrew Taggart and Alex Pall . They formed in 2012 and gained international recognition two years later with their single " Selfie ," in countries including Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom . In 2015, her track " Roses " became her first top 10 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 . After that, they released " Don't Let Me Down ", which entered the top five in Australia, Canada, USA, New Zealand, the UK and Sweden . In 2016, the duo scored their biggest hit to date with a song called " Closer ," a collaboration with Halsey . At the 2017 Grammy Awards , the duo received Best Dance Recording for " Don't Let Me Down ," along with two other nominations.


Estrella Morente (1980) flamenco singer, born into a family in which flamenco was deeply established, was a fan of the flamenco singers La Niña de los Peines, Camarón, Marchena and Vallejo . At the age of four he sang cantes de Levante and at seven he sang a taranta accompanied by maestro Sabicas on guitar. He made his debut at the age of 16 at a Gala for the presentation of the Sierra Nevada ski championships. Since then he has recorded several gold and platinum albums, received notable awards and performed at important festivals. His art has dazzled both the most demanding flamenco specialists and rockers like Lenny Kravitz . In 2001 she was appointed Ambassador of Andalusia and in 2014, director of the first Chair of Flamencology in the World.

Estrella Morente (1980) flamenco singer, born into a family in which flamenco was deeply established, was a fan of the flamenco singers La Niña de los Peines, Camarón, Marchena and Vallejo . At the age of four he sang cantes de Levante and at seven he sang a taranta accompanied by maestro Sabicas on guitar. He made his debut at the age of 16 at a Gala for the presentation of the Sierra Nevada ski championships. Since then he has recorded several gold and platinum albums, received notable awards and performed at important festivals. His art has dazzled both the most demanding flamenco specialists and rockers like Lenny Kravitz . In 2001 she was appointed Ambassador of Andalusia and in 2014, director of the first Chair of Flamencology in the World.


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Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) born in Ziburu / Ciboure (Basque Country in France) inherited from his father, an engineer of Swiss origin, his meticulousness at work and from his mother, born in Mendata (Bizkaia), his passion for music with the folk songs with which he adorned his childhood. A few months after he was born, the family moved to Paris , where he began his piano studies at the age of six. At the age of 14, he entered the Paris Conservatoire where he had the opportunity to study with Gabriel Fauré . In 1901 he premiered his Jeux d'eau , a piano work with which he began to make his way in the musical circles of Paris where the influence of Ravel on Debussy and vice versa was discussed. In 1921 he lived until his death in a mansion near Paris , where eminent musicians and intellectuals met.

Today we can watch the famous Bolero choreographed by Maurice Bejart and performed by Maya Plisetskaya (1925-2015), "prima ballerina assoluta" of the Bolshoi Theater , and Le Ballet du XX e siècle.


Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) was a Russian composer belonging to the group of The Five (Group made up of Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Musorgsky and Rimsky-Korsakov himself) who set themselves the common goal of promoting peculiar Russian music, moving away from of European musical dependency and favoring musical nationalism. Rimsky 's works are considered as benchmarks for a varied, colorful and balanced orchestration and considered among the most representative of the orchestral repertoire; all this within his nationalist creed that promoted the incorporation of motifs, rhythms and songs from Russian folklore to his creations.

Scheherazade , opus 35, is a symphonic suite by Rimsky-Kórsakov , premiered in Saint Petersburg on November 3, 1888, based on The Thousand and One Nights . It combines two common features of Russian music: a dazzling, colorful orchestration and an interest in the Orient , much prominent in the history of Imperial Russia . Scheherazade is a new form of composition, to some extent halfway between Hector Berlioz 's Symphony of the Fantastic (1830) and Franz Liszt 's symphonic poem . Probably, due to the plot on which it is based, it is closer to the symphonic poem , in the sense that it is less precise than that of the Fantastic Symphony . The composer always spoke out to avoid a regular programmatic reading.

The suite is divided into four movements, which are: I (0´34´´) «The sea and Sinbad's boat»: LARGO E MAESTOSO — ALLEGRO NON TROPPO .-. II (3'39'') «The story of Prince Kalendar»: LENTO — ANDANTINO — ALLEGRO MOLTO — WITH MOTORCYCLE .-. III (16´20´´) “The young prince and the young princess”: ANDANTINO QUASI ALLEGRETTO — POCHISSIMO PIÙ MOSSO — COME PRIMA — POCHISSIMO PIÙ ANIMATO .-. IV (26'52'') «Festival in Baghdad. The sea. The ship crashes against a cliff crowned by a bronze warrior»: ALLEGRO MOLTO — VIVO — ALLEGRO NON TROPPO MAESTOSO.

Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) was a Russian composer belonging to the group of The Five (Group made up of Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Musorgsky and Rimsky-Korsakov himself) who set themselves the common goal of promoting peculiar Russian music, moving away from of European musical dependency and favoring musical nationalism. Rimsky 's works are considered as benchmarks for a varied, colorful and balanced orchestration and considered among the most representative of the orchestral repertoire; all this within his nationalist creed that promoted the incorporation of motifs, rhythms and songs from Russian folklore to his creations.

Scheherazade , opus 35, is a symphonic suite by Rimsky-Kórsakov , premiered in Saint Petersburg on November 3, 1888, based on The Thousand and One Nights . It combines two common features of Russian music: a dazzling, colorful orchestration and an interest in the Orient , much prominent in the history of Imperial Russia . Scheherazade is a new form of composition, to some extent halfway between Hector Berlioz 's Symphony of the Fantastic (1830) and Franz Liszt 's symphonic poem . Probably, due to the plot on which it is based, it is closer to the symphonic poem , in the sense that it is less precise than that of the Fantastic Symphony . The composer always spoke out to avoid a regular programmatic reading.

The suite is divided into four movements, which are: I (0´34´´) «The sea and Sinbad's boat»: LARGO E MAESTOSO — ALLEGRO NON TROPPO .-. II (3'39'') «The story of Prince Kalendar»: LENTO — ANDANTINO — ALLEGRO MOLTO — WITH MOTORCYCLE .-. III (16´20´´) “The young prince and the young princess”: ANDANTINO QUASI ALLEGRETTO — POCHISSIMO PIÙ MOSSO — COME PRIMA — POCHISSIMO PIÙ ANIMATO .-. IV (26'52'') «Festival in Baghdad. The sea. The ship crashes against a cliff crowned by a bronze warrior»: ALLEGRO MOLTO — VIVO — ALLEGRO NON TROPPO MAESTOSO.


Camille Saint–Saens (1835-1921) was a French pianist, organist, composer and soldier, committed to the French musical renewal, as well as teaching; Students such as Fauré and Messager passed through its classrooms. He was a precocious child who at the age of 11 made his first public appearance with works by Handel , Mozart and Beethoven . At the age of thirteen he enrolled in organ and composition at the Paris Conservatoire and at eighteen, he composed his first symphony. He was a multifaceted intellectual: musician, writer, mathematician, philosopher, archaeologist, geologist, botanist... Just as multifaceted as his numerous musical works (more than 400) in which he addressed all kinds of genres, among which it is necessary to highlight the novelty that in That moment meant film music .

The Dance Macabre , opus 40, is a symphonic poem composed in 1874 by Camille Saint-Saëns , taking inspiration from a poem by Henri Cazalis recreating the ancient superstition of the Dance of Death . It is the composer's most popular piece. The work, premiered in Paris on January 24, 1875, depicts Death playing the violin at midnight. To his rhythm, skeletons dance around a grave. At dawn, with the crow of the rooster, the dead return to their graves.

Today it is offered to us by the Ballet Academy East.


Argentine National Folkloric Ballet . It is an Argentine folk dance company, based in Buenos Aires , created in 1990 and made up of 40 dancers and dancers at whose service a technical team of specialists in costumes, lighting and sound works. Its objective, the realization of choreographies and scenery of legends and customs of the different Argentine regions.

The Cosquín National Folklore Festival is the most important folklore festival in Argentina; It is celebrated in the city of Cosquín , province of Córdoba, in the last week of January for nine nights in a row, along with the ninth of the Virgen del Rosario , patron saint of the city. Today we offer a gala held in 2014.

Argentine National Folkloric Ballet . It is an Argentine folk dance company, based in Buenos Aires , created in 1990 and made up of 40 dancers and dancers at whose service a technical team of specialists in costumes, lighting and sound works. Its objective, the realization of choreographies and scenery of legends and customs of the different Argentine regions.

The Cosquín National Folklore Festival is the most important folklore festival in Argentina; It is celebrated in the city of Cosquín , province of Córdoba, in the last week of January for nine nights in a row, along with the ninth of the Virgen del Rosario , patron saint of the city. Today we offer a gala held in 2014.


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Various Wikipedia articles have been used to write these texts.

The texts of Videomusicalis are written in Basque, Spanish and English.